On Bioenergy Day and during National Forest Products Week, we recognize the importance of using domestic biomass for a wide variety of applications: renewable energy, heating and cooling, and biobased products, to improve forest health, mitigate climate change, and create jobs in rural America.
The undersigned groups, representing a wide array of interests, also recognize the importance of holistic solutions to mitigate the effects we are already seeing in U.S. forests due to climate change. Using excess biomass resources that are produced from existing forest management activities as well as wastes from the forest products sector supports forest health while reducing wildfire risk. These activities also create economic opportunity for rural America in the form of local jobs and economic activity.
While deforestation is a pressing global concern, the forested landmass of the United States has stayed stable for the past 100 years, despite a tripling of population growth, according to the U.S. Forest Service.i Nevertheless, U.S. forests still face pressing threats from climate change, pests, and urbanization. Sustainable biomass utilization can help support forest health while creating economic incentives to keep land forested.
Woody biomass has been referred to as a “Goldilocks” renewable – use too much, and we risk undue harm to ecosystems and forests.ii Use too little, and we risk having overstocked forests that are unhealthy and at increased risk of wildfire. Today, many forestry scientists argue that we’ve entered a “too little” scenario in which many U.S. forests are overstocked -- due to years of wildfire suppression -- and unhealthy because of the proliferation of invasive species and pests.
From producing long-lived building materials that sequester carbon, to generating renewable heating, cooling, and energy in local communities, smart biomass utilization can support the interrelated goals of forest health, forest carbon sequestration, water and air quality, creating and maintaining jobs, as well as keeping forests healthy for Americans' enjoyment and recreation.
Today, much of our western forests are facing a crisis of epic proportions. In California alone, 129 million trees have died since 2010, due to a combination of drought, pest infestations and the amplifying effects of climate change.iii While some of these trees must be left in the forest to return important nutrients to the soil and provide habitat for wildlife, leaving millions of dry tons of wood in California’s forests would increase wildfire risk to unacceptable levels.
Currently, this excess biomass is mostly being dealt with in the worst possible manner – open burning – which is costing taxpayers millions of dollars and emits carbon dioxide as well as other harmful air pollutants, including particulate matter and smog precursors. Unfortunately, this situation is not unique to California. Utilization of this dead wood and other types of woody biomass can support forest restoration projects and reduce the amount of hazardous fuels.
Using these and other biomass sources for baseload power and for heating and cooling needs in schools, hospitals, businesses and residences, can provide outsized benefits to local communities. Rural communities are especially dependent on fossil-based heat, and wild fluctuations in home heating oil and propane prices can cause economic pain in the communities least able to pay high heating bills. Conversely, using woody biomass in cold climates can deliver significant savings on heating bills while also creating local jobs.
The production of long-lived lumber building materials from wood, such as cross-laminated timber, provides immediate and long-lasting carbon sequestration, as well as creating important markets for domestic forestry products.
More broadly, other “waste” biomass materials, such as orchard waste, urban wood waste, or animal manures, are too often improperly disposed of – causing avoidable environmental damage in the form of degraded air and water quality, as well as climate impacts. Using these wastes for a variety of products can turn a problem into a solution.
Policymakers and officials cannot turn their backs on biomass as a solution. A recently released report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Global Warming of 1.5°, recognizes that biomass utilization combined with carbon sequestration (commonly referred to as BECCS—Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage) will be necessary if we are to keep global warming significantly below 2 degrees Celsius.iv
The undersigned organizations are working to remove barriers to the use of domestic biomass as a source of renewable baseload power, heating, cooling, and biobased products. Smart biomass utilization will help protect and enhance forest health while creating domestic economic opportunity.
Adelante Consulting, Inc.
Advanced Biofuels USA
Alliance for Green Heat
American Agriculture Movement
American Wood Council
Arkansas Advanced Energy Association
Attis Innovations, LLC
Biomass One, LP
Biomass Power Association
Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC)
Bioroot Energy, Inc.
Center for Natural Capital
Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council
Chip Energy Inc.
Chris Cassidy, Individual
County of Sandoval, New Mexico
CT Bioenergy Consulting
Curran Renewable Energy, LLC
Environmental and Energy Study Institute
Edgewood Log Homes
Environmental Consulting for Agriculture
Force Energy Systems Inc.
Forest Business Network
Forest Energy Corp.
Framing Our Community, Inc.
GL Environmental, Inc.
Grand Teton Enterprises
Hacienda Outdoor Wood Furnaces
High Desert Biomass Cooperative
High Desert Forest Solutions, LLC
Idyllwild Forest Health Project
IHI Power Services Corp.
Innovative Natural Resource Solutions LLC
John Youngquist & Associates
Mrs. Akasha Kaur Khalsa, Individual
Koda Energy, LLC
Massachusetts Forest Alliance
Mattole Restoration Council
Mid-Atlantic Bioenergy Council (MABEC)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry
National Alliance of Forest Owners (NAFO)
National Association of Forest Service Retirees
National Association of University Forest Resources Programs
National Center for Appropriate Technology Nebraska Forest Service
Northern Forest Center
Novo Power, LLC
Ochoco Lumber Co.
Ohio Forestry Association, Inc.
Old Wood LLC
Oregon Department of Forestry
OZ Resources, Inc.
Pacific Ultrapower Chinese Station
Pellet Fuels Institute
Pennsylvania Fuels for Schools and Communities
PJ Woodlands LLC
Precision Energy Services, Inc.
Resource Professionals Group LLC
Society for the Protection of NH Forests
Solutions from the Land
Spatial Informatics Group, LLC (SIG)
State Lands Commission
Sustainable Trades and Advanced Technology Dept., Santa Fe Community College
The Hardwood Federation
Templin Forestry, Inc.
Texas AgriForestry Small Farmers and Ranchers (TASFR)
The Watershed Research and Training Center
The Westervelt Company
Think in Futures
U.S. EcoGen, LLC
Virginia Loggers Association
Wallowa Resources Community Solutions Inc.
Washington State Dept. of Natural Resources
Watershed Research & Training Center
Wind River Biomass Utility LLC
Yana Valachovic, Individual
i. Forest Resources of the United States, 2012, U.S. Forest Service, 2014.
ii. Not All Bioenergy is Carbon Neutral, The Nature Conservancy, Apr. 2018.
iii. Record 129 Million Dead Trees in California, U.S. Forest Service, Dec. 2017.
iv. Global Warming of 1.5°, IPCC, Oct. 2018.